Lineage of the last Chiefs of Maxwell
However back in 1776, a kinsman of Winifred's,
John Maxwell of Terraughty then in his fifty-sixth year became the heir-male
to the chiefdom of Maxwell. John Maxwell was one of the most respected men in
Galloway and lived to the great age of 94. He died on 25th January
1814 and was succeeded by his eldest and only surviving son, Alexander Herries
Maxwell of Munchies who died the following year on 28th June 1815.
Alexander had no issue and his younger bother, William and his three sons, had
The chiefdom therefore passed to his
cousin George Maxwell of Carruchan. George
was 72 when he became the heir-male of the name and died seven years later on
28th November 1822. George’s three sons had predeceased him, but
the youngest, George, a colonel in the Galloway Militia, had left four sons.
The eldest and next heir-male was George Walter Maxwell who succeeded his grandfather
at the age of 17. Unfortunately
he was drowned whilst swimming in the River Nith on 4th August 1827.
The second son John had died three years earlier and so the chiefdom devolved
upon the third son, William Maxwell of Carruchan, then in his twentieth year.
On 15th March 1848, William Maxwell of Carruchan had from the Earl
of Kinnoull, the then Lord Lyon, Letters Patent that he was heir-male of Robert
Maxwell, 4th Earl of Nithsdale, and but for that attainder, William
Maxwell of Carruchan would have been the Earl of Nithsdale and Lords Maxwell
The last nine Chiefs of the name Maxwell. (in red).
The last Chief of Maxwell, William Maxwell of Carruchan. 1807-1863